Glow in the Dark Mushrooms
Bioluminescent Omphalotus nidiformis
These mushrooms are not edible but they are really cool.
Mushrooms are amazing
Mushrooms are the fruit of a larger inconspicuous fungal organism called mycelium. Individual Mycelia have been known to grow as big as 2200 acres and to an estimated 2400 years old, possibly more. They grow unseen underground, inside living trees or dead wood, in dung and sometimes in living or dead creatures. There are thousands of different species; many of whom have symbiotic relationships with certain trees and plants. Some of them are parasitic. Some of them are carnivorous. Some of them are deadly poisonous and some of them are deliciously edible. Aside from gourmet delicacies people have found very interesting uses for mushrooms. Some are used ritually to induce visions, to cure disease, to start fires, to make pigment, to break down waist or to clean up toxic spills. Mycology, The study of fungus is fascinating. Fungus is its own kingdom and does not create food from light as plants do. They reproduce using spores released from the fruit we call Mushrooms.
There are 71 species of luminescent mushrooms known to man living naturally all around the world all of which are poisonous except for the glow int he dark honey mushroom.
Bioluminescence is the emission of cold light by a living organism. It is a naturally occurring form of chemiluminescence that occurs in some marine creatures, as well as microorganisms and terrestrial animals. Symbiotic organisms carried within larger organisms are also known to produce light. When under certain circumstances, such as labour, elephants can be seen to bioluminesce while bacteria in thier trunks light up!
Bioluminescance is thought to serves as camouflage, attraction, repulsion, communication and illumination.
The anglerfish has a dangling appendage that extends from its head that glows attracting small animals to within striking distance.
Fireflies use their light to attract mates and their larvae glow to repel predators. Some fireflies act as one when thousands of them blink in perfect unison. Researchers have yet to fully understand why or even how the mysterious phenomenon of synchronicity occurs.
Certain squid use bioluminescent chemical mixtures in the same way as many squid use ink. A cloud of luminescence is expelled, confusing or repelling a potential predator while the squid escapes to safety.
The cookiecutter shark uses bioluminescence for camouflage while a small patch on its underbelly remains dark and appears as a small fish to large predatory fish swimming beneath it. When these fish try to consume the small fish, they are bitten by the shark.
When Dinoflagellates, a kind of plankton sense a predator they luminesce, attracting even larger predators which will consume the would-be predator of the dinoflagellate.
Black Dragonfish produces a red glow. This adaptation allows the fish to see red-pigmented prey which are normally invisible in the deep ocean environment where red light has been filtered out by the water. Most fish cannot see red light so the creatures that give off that color are basically invisible while they stalk their unknowing prey.
Certain types of shrimp, when scared, vomit bioluminescent goo. This defence confuses their predators allowing the shrimp to escape.
In the American South, Diplocardia longa, a bioluminescent earthworm up to a foot and a half long crawls through the damp soil. One of only a few land creatures that bioluminesce, the earthworms are similar to certain shrimp in that, when upset secrete a glowing blue liquid.
American seafood consumers have reported glowing seafood products. The various situations involved burned out refrigerator light bulbs and midnight snacks. In New Hampshire a romantic candlelight dinner was ruined when a man looked down to see green light shimmering from his meal.
Transgenic artist Edwardo kac shocked the art world with his attempt to realize GFP Bunny; a bioluminescent albino rabbit. He has succeeded in producing living mammals, fish, plants, and amoebas genetically imbued with green fluorescent protein from a jellyfish.